Skip to content

GitLab Pages

DETAILS: Tier: Free, Premium, Ultimate Offering:, Self-managed, GitLab Dedicated

With GitLab Pages, you can publish static websites directly from a repository in GitLab.

  • Use for any personal or business website.
  • Use any Static Site Generator (SSG) or plain HTML.
  • Create websites for your projects, groups, or user account.
  • Host your site on your own GitLab instance or on for free.
  • Connect your custom domains and TLS certificates.
  • Attribute any license to your content.
Examples of SSGs supported by Pages

To publish a website with Pages, you can use any static site generator, like Gatsby, Jekyll, Hugo, Middleman, Harp, Hexo, or Brunch. You can also publish any website written directly in plain HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Pages does not support dynamic server-side processing, for instance, as .php and .asp requires. For more information, see Static vs dynamic websites.

Getting started

To create a GitLab Pages website:

Document Description
Use the GitLab UI to create a simple .gitlab-ci.yml Add a Pages site to an existing project. Use the UI to set up a simple .gitlab-ci.yml.
Create a .gitlab-ci.yml file from scratch Add a Pages site to an existing project. Learn how to create and configure your own CI file.
Use a .gitlab-ci.yml template Add a Pages site to an existing project. Use a pre-populated CI template file.
Fork a sample project Create a new project with Pages already configured by forking a sample project.
Use a project template Create a new project with Pages already configured by using a template.

To update a GitLab Pages website:

Document Description
GitLab Pages domain names, URLs, and base URLs Learn about GitLab Pages default domains.
Explore GitLab Pages Requirements, technical aspects, specific GitLab CI/CD configuration options, Access Control, custom 404 pages, limitations, and FAQ.
Custom domains and SSL/TLS Certificates Custom domains and subdomains, DNS records, and SSL/TLS certificates.
Let's Encrypt integration Secure your Pages sites with Let's Encrypt certificates, which are automatically obtained and renewed by GitLab.
Redirects Set up HTTP redirects to forward one page to another.

For more information, see:

Document Description
Static vs dynamic websites Static versus dynamic site overview.
Modern static site generators SSG overview.
Build any SSG site with GitLab Pages Use SSGs for GitLab Pages.

How it works

To use GitLab Pages, you must create a project in GitLab to upload your website's files to. These projects can be either public, internal, or private.

GitLab always deploys your website from a specific folder called public in your repository. When you create a new project in GitLab, a repository becomes available automatically.

To deploy your site, GitLab uses its built-in tool called GitLab CI/CD to build your site and publish it to the GitLab Pages server. The sequence of scripts that GitLab CI/CD runs to accomplish this task is created from a file named .gitlab-ci.yml, which you can create and modify. A specific job called pages in the configuration file makes GitLab aware that you're deploying a GitLab Pages website.

You can either use the GitLab default domain for GitLab Pages websites, *, or your own domain ( In that case, you must be an administrator in your domain's registrar (or control panel) to set it up with Pages.

The following diagrams show the workflows you might follow to get started with Pages.

New projects for GitLab Pages

Access to your Pages site

If you're using GitLab Pages default domain (, your website is automatically secure and available under HTTPS. If you're using your own custom domain, you can optionally secure it with SSL/TLS certificates.

If you're using, your website is publicly available to the internet. To restrict access to your website, enable GitLab Pages Access Control.

If you're using a self-managed instance, your websites are published on your own server, according to the Pages settings chosen by your sysadmin, who can make them public or internal.

Pages examples

These GitLab Pages website examples can teach you advanced techniques to use and adapt for your own needs:

Administer GitLab Pages for self-managed instances

If you are running a self-managed instance of GitLab, follow the administration steps to configure Pages.

Watch a video tutorial about how to get started with GitLab Pages administration.

Configure GitLab Pages in a Helm Chart (Kubernetes) instance

To configure GitLab Pages on instances deployed via Helm chart (Kubernetes), use either:

Security for GitLab Pages

Namespaces that contain .

If your username is example, your GitLab Pages website is located at GitLab allows usernames to contain a ., so a user named bar.example could create a GitLab Pages website that effectively is a subdomain of your website. Be careful if you use JavaScript to set cookies for your website. The safe way to manually set cookies with JavaScript is to not specify the domain at all:

// Safe: This cookie is only visible to
document.cookie = "key=value";

// Unsafe: This cookie is visible to and its subdomains,
// regardless of the presence of the leading dot.
document.cookie = "key=value;";
document.cookie = "key=value;";

This issue doesn't affect users with a custom domain, or users who don't set any cookies manually with JavaScript.

Shared cookies

By default, every project in a group shares the same domain, for example, This means that cookies are also shared for all projects in a group.

To ensure each project uses different cookies, enable the Pages unique domains feature for your project.

Create multiple deployments

DETAILS: Tier: Premium, Ultimate Offering:, Self-managed, GitLab Dedicated Status: Experiment

FLAG: On self-managed GitLab, by default this feature is not available. To make it available, an administrator can enable the feature flag named pages_multiple_versions_setting. On and GitLab Dedicated, this feature is not available. This feature is not ready for production use.

Use the pages.path_prefix CI/CD option to configure a prefix for the GitLab Pages URL. A prefix allows you to differentiate between multiple GitLab Pages deployments.

Multiple GitLab Pages deployments (pages created with a path_prefix) count toward your storage usage.

Enable multiple deployments

To enable multiple GitLab Pages deployments:

  1. On the left sidebar, select Search or go to and find your project.
  2. Select Deploy > Pages.
  3. Select Use multiple deployments.

Path clash

pages.path_prefix can take dynamic values from CI/CD variables that can create pages deployments which could clash with existing paths in your site. For example, given an existing GitLab Pages site with the following paths:


If a pages.path_prefix is documents, that version will override the existing path. In other words, will point to the /index.html on the documents deployment of the site, instead of documents/index.html of the main deployment of the site.

Mixing CI/CD variables with other strings can reduce the path clash possibility. For example:

  stage: deploy
    - echo "Pages accessible through ${CI_PAGES_URL}/${PAGES_PREFIX}"
    PAGES_PREFIX: ""  # No prefix by default (master)
    path_prefix: "$PAGES_PREFIX"
    - public
    - if: $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH == $CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH  # Run on default branch (with default PAGES_PREFIX)
    - if: $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH == "staging"  # Run on master (with default PAGES_PREFIX)
        PAGES_PREFIX: '_stg'  # Prefix with _stg for the staging branch
    - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == "merge_request_event"  # Conditionally change the prefix for Merge Requests
      when: manual  # Run pages manually on Merge Requests
        PAGES_PREFIX: 'mr$CI_MERGE_REQUEST_IID' # Prefix with the mr<iid>, like `mr123`

Some other examples of mixing variables with strings for dynamic prefixes:

  • pages.path_prefix: '__$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG': Branch or tag name prefixed with __, like __branch-name.
  • pages.path_prefix: '-${CI_MERGE_REQUEST_IID}-': Merge request number prefixed and suffixed with -, like -123-.

Use multiple deployments to create pages environments

You can use multiple GitLab Pages deployments to create a new environment. For example:

  stage: deploy
    - echo "Pages accessible through ${CI_PAGES_URL}/${PAGES_PREFIX}"
    PAGES_PREFIX: "" # no prefix by default (master)
    path_prefix: "$PAGES_PREFIX"
    name: "Pages ${PAGES_PREFIX}"
    url: "${CI_PAGES_URL}/${PAGES_PREFIX}"
    - public
    - if: $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH == "staging" # ensure to run on master (with default PAGES_PREFIX)
        PAGES_PREFIX: '_stg' # prefix with _stg for the staging branch
    - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == "merge_request_event" # conditionally change the prefix on Merge Requests
      when: manual # run pages manually on Merge Requests
        PAGES_PREFIX: 'mr$CI_MERGE_REQUEST_IID' # prefix with the mr<iid>, like `mr123`

With this configuration, users will have the access to each GitLab Pages deployment through the UI. When using environments for pages, all pages environments are listed on the project environment list.